Test Design Lighthouse


Status report as of 1 March 2006

The FARMC Project Philippines, a project of the PAMPANO, Inc. in partnership with the Lighthouse Foundation for the Seas and the Oceans and the Philippine Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, aims to build capacities of the Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Management Councils and make them dynamic and effective partners for integrated coastal zone management.


The project focuses on the critical role of the stakeholders, particularly the fisherfolk in achieving sustainable use of coastal and marine resources, and provides special interventions to give them opportunities for meaningful participation as co-managers of the coastal area through the FARMCs. The FARMC is comprised of representatives from fisherfolk organizations, key members of the local government unit and other stakeholders in the coastal area and serves as a recommendatory body to the local government in matters concerning the management of the coastal area. The FARMCs also seek to put in place policy reform measures and create a policy environment conducive to the sustainable development and management of the municipal waters.


1. Training of Core Group Leaders (Community Organizers)

The creation of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Management Councils has its basic foundation in the organization of the fisherfolk. This is because majority of the members and all the officers of the FARMC is comprised by representatives from fisherfolk organizations in the municipality. Well-organized and strong fisherfolk organizations result in a FARMC that has a strong leadership and capable of effectively performing its mandated duties.


The project puts emphasis on the formation of core group leaders coming from among the fisherfolk who shall work in the communities to strengthen the fisherfolk organizations.


Formation and training of the Core Group in three phases

Phase 1 was aimed at creating awareness on the critical role of the fisherfolk on the management of fisheries and aquatic resources, scoping the community and identifying the fisherfolk leaders as well as potential leaders as candidates for the Core Group. It was done through two-day Situational Analysis and Organizational Leadership Training/Workshops in each project site from April to August 2005. Among the specific objectives of this activity are:

  • Discuss the responsibilities and critical role of the fisherfolk on the management of municipal waters and their role in creating changes and reforms in the way fisheries is being managed, and reforms among the whole community.
  • Critically evaluate the present fisheries status and relate this to the overall situation in society and the environment.
  • Evaluate the present situation of the fisherfolk in organizational level and the role of the fisherfolk organization in the FARMC.
  • Identify potential leaders who will be qualified to undertake further training on Core Group Building.


The Outputs of Phase 1 were:

  • Greater awareness on the important role of the fisherfolk and their organizations in managing municipal waters through the FARMC.
  • A deeper understanding of the socio-cultural, political, economic and environmental situation of each municipality.
  • List of potential core group leaders.
  • Profile of the municipality
  • Area mapping of existing local fisherfolk organizations
  • Status of the level of support given by the LGU and other government agencies to the fisherfolk.
Phase 2 was conducted in two batches: One held at the Regional Freshwater Fisheries Research Center in Bula, Camarines Sur.
Another batch was held in San Isidro, Davao Oriental.
A simple but celebratory Graduation ceremony was held at the culmination of Phase 3.

Phase 2 is a very important aspect of the Core Group Building activity. The participants in this activity, until the Phase 3, were the carefully selected leaders from each municipality that have shown exemplary performance, commitment and leadership potential during Phase 1. The purpose of this formation is the recognition of man’s worth and dignity. This phase offered opportunities for the participants in discovering their uniqueness and worth as persons, as well as their role both in the home and the community, in a deeper personal sense. Interdependence and mutuality were given emphasis, as well as capacity to transform themselves and their environment. Core building and servant leadership is the focus at this stage.


Phase 2 consisted of four modules:

Module 1. Integrity creation and the fishing situation. Participants reflected on the integrity of creation with the help of panoramic illustrations, showing the beauty and bounty of natural resources. The participants realized that God so loved mankind that he prepared everything they will need before man was created. This was followed by an assessment of the current fisheries situation and its effects to the fisherfolk and their families. Then they evaluated the root cause of these problems. The session ended with the response of the fisherfolk to the current realities. All modules usually ended with a call to action where the participants made their plans that they will implement after the session to address the problems that surfaced in their reality check.

Module 2 Basic Module on Person, Family and Community

Module 3 Toward Servant Leadership

Module 4 Community Organizing


Phase 3 was conducted in January 2006 in Taytay, Rizal. All four members of the core group of each municipality, except for San Isidro, attended the training. This was also the completion of the Core Group Building Training. Participants who showed exemplary performance during the evaluative examination were given special awards and certificates in recognition for a job well done.


The modules were as follows:

Module 5 Vision, Mission and Goal Setting

Module 6 Management

Module 7 Facilitating


It is expected that this component of the FARMC Project Philippines will have produced capable community leaders who will serve as a strong backbone of the FARMCs in their respective municipalities. Training is only one strategy in the whole community organizing process.


2. Training of Trainers (FARMC Organizing)

The orientation on FARMC organizing for the 8 municipalities was conducted during the formal launching of the project in Dec. 2004. The project launching and orientation for the remaining two municipalities was done in February 2005.


During the orientation workshops, each target municipality evaluated the current situation in terms of the status of their FARMC; interventions needed to make their FARMC fully operational; status of their fisheries and aquatic resources. These data serves as the baseline data of the project upon which progress of the FARMCs will be based during periodic evaluation.


3. Strengthening of FARMCs

As an offshoot of the FARMC Orientation Workshop made in December 2004, steps have been undertaken by the FARMCs to strengthen their councils. Among these activities were the formulation of internal policy, formation or reconstitution of their FARMC working committees, dialogues with the Local Government Units in order to forge closer partnership with the local governance and orientations on skills needed in the performance of their functions in the FARMC.


In August 2005, a Small Group Workshop to evaluate the project in mid-year was conducted. It was participated by key PAMPANO leaders and Regional FARMC Coordinators. Results of the First Phase of Core Group Building was presented and analyzed. Status of FARMCs and fisherfolk organizations, and the partnership with their respective LGUs were evaluated.


As a key strategy for strengthening the FARMCs, this workshop formulated the Levels of Development of FARMCs, indicating specific qualifications of FARMCs in a step by step development until it is able to achieve a status of full operational capability, stability and sustainability. This is the ideal that each FARMC will strive to achieve in this project.


In addition, each coordinator formulated an action plan for each municipality for the strengthening of their FARMCs; considering the results of the evaluation for the Core Group Building Phase 1. These are ongoing activities throughout the project life.


4. Special Projects on Training (SPOT)

As per consultation with the municipalities, Site-specific Special Projects on Training to equip the target sites with the necessary technical skills and know-how on the sustainable development and management of the coastal areas were provided through training/workshops delivered by competent resource speakers from the project’s pool of experts. For further information see FARMC II - Report 2007.


5. Special Projects on biodiversity protection and conservation and Micro-Projects for the fisherfolk

Lobster Cage Culture in Jordan – ongoing

Net-based Tilapia Fish Hatchery as a component of a Municipal Aquatic Park – Cardona

MPA-based community microprojects, sub-components of larger Marine Park Projects - Calabanga

Mariveles – Shellfish and Finfish Culture

Aquasilviculture - Aroroy







FARMC-Project Philippines completed in 2011

FARMC-Projekt Phase I

FARMC-Projekt Phase II

FARMC-Projekt Phase III



Mangrove Rehabilitation and Management

Fisheries Law Enforcement

Calabanga, Aroroy, Lupon, San Isidro:
Marine Protected Areas

Management of the Laguna Lake

Lupon, Aroroy, Jordan, Looc:
Saving our Marine Mammals


The Philippines is an archipelagic country and the 10 project sites are spread over the entire archipelago.