Test Design Lighthouse

FARMC - Philippines

Towards a more effective Integrated Coastal Zone Management

The Philippines is an archipelagic country that lies in the heart of the most biologically diverse region on earth for coastal biodiversity. The rich marine life has consistently made the Philippines among the twelve top fish producing countries in the world. The country has traditionally relied on fish as food and fishing as a rural activity. As a developing nation, it is very dependent on its fisheries resources for food security and other economic services.


The Philippine fisheries industry, like many fisheries in the world, is faced with enormous problems that threaten its sustainability. Many fishing grounds are in critical condition, with maximum sustainable yield (MSY) already surpassed in many areas. Overfishing, the use of destructive fishing methods, massive denudation of mangrove forests and habitat conversion have resulted in alarming decline in the quality of the coastal areas as well as in fisheries productivity, a situation that mirrors global fisheries trends.


The alarming world fisheries situation has raised an increasing concern as to how fisheries are being managed. There has been a shift in fishery management objectives, approaches and policies from getting maximum production and employment to having sustainable stocks and ecosystems. There is also a growing realization for a stronger role of the community in resource management as seen in a wide range of programs and policies worldwide.


The Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Management Councils (FARMCs)

Coastal village

In the Philippines, the critical role of the stakeholders in achieving sustainable use of coastal and marine resources is recognized in the institutionalization of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Management Councils or FARMCs.


FARMCs emphasize empowerment of the major stakeholders in the coastal community, particularly the fisherfolk, and give them opportunities for meaningful participation in fisheries management. The fishers are no longer distant beneficiaries of development initiatives but they become active partners or co-managers, through the FARMCs.


Incorporating comanagement issues in fisheries seeks to make integrated coastal zone management more effective. This makes an increasing use of local fishery knowledge and participatory decision-making with a strong emphasis on the sustainable use of the coastal resources. The FARMC also seeks to put in place policy reform measures and create a policy environment conducive to the sustainable management and development of the coastal zone.



back to FARMC-Project Phase III

Project Partners:

The Ocean Beacons, Inc. (OBI). 35 10th Street, Bacolod City, The Philippines

Hilda Tabar-Cleofe


The Pambansang Alyansa ng mga Mangingisda at Pamunuan ng Organisasyon, Inc. (PAMPANO)

Charles Capricho

1F Estuar Bldg. 880 Quezon Avenue, Quezon City,


Department of Agriculture-Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (DA-BFAR)

BFAR National FARMC Program Management Center

Dr. Gloria C. Diaz

Estuar Bldg. 880 Quezon Avenue, Quezon City


Local Government Units


Dr. G. Schriever, Biolab